How to sow seeds outdoors

How to…

Use this method to sow large or small seeds outdoors (in the correct season). This method is particularly suitable for vegetables and hardy annual seeds.

  • Estimated time: 15 minutes
  • Location: Outdoors
  • School term: All year round, Early Autumn, Late Autumn, Early Spring, Late Spring
  • Level of experience: No experience needed


Check on the seed packet for the precise sowing instructions. Make sure the ground is well prepared beforehand. Use a rake, trowel, string line and watering can.

  1. Prepare the ground ready for sowing. Ensure the soil is fine and the surface is level. Use a rake to do this.

  2. Look at the seed pack for the distance between rows and mark them out with string. Use a hoe to make a seed drill (row).

  3. If the ground is dry it's a good idea to water the drill before sowing the seed.

  4. Sow the seeds at the distance and depth specified on the seed packet.

  5. Complete the entire row of seeds.

  6. Gently cover the seeds using a rake or trowel and then lightly compact or firm them in. Remove the string and move to the next row.

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